Proper oral hygiene – a simple guide to an optimal oral health

Cavities, gingivitis and gum disease can all be prevented if practicing good oral hygiene on a regular daily basis

In time, bacteria accumulates on teeth, especially in remote places, where the toothbrush cannot reach, leading to acidity and sticky plaque. Slowly, excessive plaque build-ups can significantly harm the gums, by irritating them and making them bleed. Left untreated, gingivitis can lead to periodontal disease which causes gum recession and loss of teeth.

To prevent tartar build-up, there are several hygiene rules necessary to be applied on a daily, regular basis, as brushing is not always enough.

The best cleaning routine begins with brushing between your teeth after every meal, to remove plaque from the tooth surface. A soft-bristled brush is ideal to perform this cleaning routine,in order to avoid gum damage due to hard, brutal brushing. Also, adjust the size of the toothbrush according to the size of your mouth. Choose the toothpaste according to your needs and make sure its ingredients are of natural provenience. Floss twice a day, as flossing reaches remote inter-dental spaces and is essential to prevent periodontal disease.

According to dental experts, the correct technique used to clean your teeth should include the following steps:

1. Brushing

Use the toothbrush on a 45-degree angle against your gums, with gentle up-and-down stroke, as if you would want to extract bacteria from between dental spaces. Brush all tooth surfaces and use circular movements for the chewing side of your molars. Never forget about the tongue and the top of the oral cavity, as removing bacteria from these areas will help you get fresher breath and lower mouth bacteria levels.

2. Flossing

Gently floss the spaces between your teeth by using a rubbing motion. Pay particular attention to not hurt the gums. Also floss to clean the dental surfaces, by using up and down motions. For best of results, repeat twice daily, after brushing.

3. Mouth rinse

In addition to the first two steps, mouth rinse solutions boost the freshness and disinfect your mouth.

Antimicrobial and antiseptic mouth rinses (most commonly clorhexidine based) can reduce bacteria and plaque, so it can prevent further oral conditions. Nevertheless, the best way to choose a mouth rinse that suits your needs is to ask for your dental care practitioner’s advice and always check the label for additional precautions and recommendations.


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